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Ziziphus – (Ziziphus jujube, Ziziphus vulgaris)


Ziziphus is a tree with thorny branches. With shiny green leaves and small yellowish-green flowers, the tree grows a small fruit that tastes like an apple, and matures to a red-purple-black color and the look of a date. Widely cultivated in India and China, the fruit is popular with both children and adults.


Key Medicinal Uses

Internally – Ziziphus is taken to relieve stress and encourage sleep. It also purifies the blood. It helps a person gain weight, improve muscular strength and build stamina. It is also given as a liver tonic. This herb improves the immune system's resistance to infection and acts as a sedative for restlessness and irritability.

The herb is often prescribed to treat anemia, bronchitis, pharyngitis, diarrhea, fatigue, loss of appetite, irritability and hysteria. The seed is used to treat insomnia, nervous exhaustion, night sweats, palpitations and excessive perspiration. The root has been used to treat ulcers and old wounds, while the leaves are used to treat fever from smallpox, chickenpox and measles.

It is frequently prescribed when one has restless sleep, disturbing dreams, anxiety, mouth sores, forgetfulness, concentration problems and emotional disorders. The fruit is used for coughs, congestion, as a diuretic and to soothe the internal organs.

Externally – The bark can make an eyewash to use for inflammation.

Other Uses – Ziziphus fruit is eaten fresh or dried and candied. It is used to make a tea syrup, a juice and a vinegar. In China, the jujubes from the tree are made into a wine or used in cooking. The fruit is also used as a coffee substitute. In traditional Chinese weddings, jujubes were placed with walnuts in the bridal chamber to promote fertility. In Korea, the wood is used to make a double-reed wind instrument called a taepyongso.

Herbs to Combine/Supplement

Combined with Rehmannia, salvia, biota and polygala, it can replenish the kidneys.

Parts Used

Roots, seeds, fruit – The fruit, root, seeds and leaves are all used medicinally.


There are no side effects or toxicity reported for this herb.

It should be used with the guidance of a physician if it is being used to treat cirrhosis or hepatitis.

There are no studies to show its safety for small children or pregnant women.

Preparation and Dosage

Commercial capsules can be taken in a dose of 8 pills, three times per day. The medication should be taken for a few months in order to create a long-lasting effect. Follow the directions on the label to double check the dosage.

Ziziphus Herbal Remedies Top