Rosehip (Rosa canina, or Common Briar)
Rosehips are the fruit of the rose plants known as Rosa canina, and more commonly as the Common Briar or the Dog Rose. A simple flower, this ancient rose produces a fruit after blooming that is full of nutrition and medicinal goodness. Roses have long been used as a medicinal remedy. While other species also grow good rose hips, the one known as the Dog Rose has the highest amount of vitamin C ten to fifty times more than an orange.
Key Medicinal Uses
Internally Rosehip is a good source of vitamin C. It is used as a tonic to help build the immune system against seasonal colds and flu, as well as chest infections. The herbal tea will help restore beneficial bacteria in the gut after a round of antibiotics. The herb soothes the nerves and fight exhaustion. The leaves when made into an herbal tea can help relieve fever.
The seed makes a decoction that is diuretic and helps with disorders of the urinary tract and with the kidneys. The pectin and seeds are also a gentle laxative. It can ease the pain of menstrual cramps and relieve pelvic congestion. It has anti-inflammatory properties, and may be useful for osteoarthritis.
Externally Essential oil has an uplifting effect on the mood when used in aromatherapy. It is effective in easing stress, depression and tension.
Other Uses Rosehips can be used in herbal teas and be made into jelly.
Fruit, leaves, petals The fruit of the rose, including the seeds, as well as the rose petals and sometimes the leaves are used medicinally.
Pregnant women should be cautious of using rose essential oil in early pregnancy. There are no interactions or side effects known for rosehips.
Preparation and Dosage
A decoction can be made of fresh or dried rosehips in the amount of 2.5 teaspoons per 8 ounces of cold water. Let the water come to a boil in a glass or ceramic tea pot. Lower the heat and let it simmer for 10 minutes. Drink this decoction cold in small amounts throughout the day.
A tincture should be taken in the standard dosage of 10 to 15 drops of tincture in a small amount of water three times per day.
A syrup can be made by mixing a strong decoction with honey or sugar in a double boiler. Stir constantly and simmer until all the sugar is dissolved. Pour the syrup into small glass containers and let cool. Seal with a tight lid and refrigerate.