A migraine headache is an intense vascular headaches that occur frequently in some people, and not at all in others. The pounding is usually on one side of the head and may be around the eye on the affected side. Eighty percent of migraines are common migraines that have no aura. Classic migraines are much more severe. They begin with an aura before the pain sets in. Auras are usually a visual disturbance, such as an outline of lights or jagged light images. The headache gradually worsens. Bright lights and loud noises make it worse. Migraines can last for a few hours or a few days. Status migrainosus is a migraine that will not go away by itself.
Symptoms include a headache that is either throbbing or pulsating, is usually worse on the sides of the head, may be felt on one side only, may be dull or severe, and commonly lasts 6 to 48 hours. It may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting and sensitivity to light and sound. There is usually no desire to eat. An aura often precedes a migraine and may be a visual disturbance or a numbness or weakness on one side of the body that may affect the arm, leg or face. Some people also feel dizziness, tingling or other symptoms.
No one knows what really causes a migraine headache. Symptoms usually begin because of a trigger, which begins a chain reaction that ends up as a migraine headache. Triggers vary from person to person, but may be anything from a change in the weather to certain foods to hormonal changes.
Migraines can be debilitating and unpredictable. Modern treatment for migraine acts on the blood vessels rather than just being a painkiller, so if you are on other medications that act on the circulatory system, use caution.
Other aromatherapy oils that may be useful in either a massage or burner include: rosemary, basil, chamomile and eucalyptus.